clinica de espalda - herniated disc

Herniated disc refers to a problem on one of the discs that supports and separates each vertebra of the spinal cord. These discs are circular, elastic and softer in the center than its exterior. There are some situations in which the softer portion is pushed outside its normal position by a fissure of the exterior. This situation produces pain, fatigue and drowsiness of the arms or legs. There are also cases in which even though the patient shows symptoms, the surgery is not necessary to correct the problem.

On the other hand, there are people with a herniated disc without knowing. Sometimes the patient gets to know by images of the spinal cord. However, some herniated discs may be painful and the intensity depends on the exact place in which the lesion is located.

The most frequent symptoms of an herniated disc are:

  • Pain
  • Drowsiness or tingling
  • Weakness

These symptoms depend of the affected area. Herniated discs are frequently developed because of the gradual disc worn out. With the age, the spinal discs lose water and this situation provokes less flexibility and makes them more susceptible to tear appart or break, even with a small movement.

It is difficult to establish the cause that produces the herniated disc. One of the reasons is improper lifting. Using your back muscles to lift heavy objects, instead of your legs or twisting while you lift can also make your back vulnerable. On the other hand, it is not frequent that a trauma or accident proboque a herniated disc.

Risk factors

  1. Age. It is frequent between the ages of 35 and 45 because of the gradual wear and tear that comes with aging.
  2. Weight. Being overweight puts added stress on the disks in your lower back.
  3. Job. People with an intense physical work have more probabilities of having back problems. Lifting heavy objects constantly or bending on the sides, as well as twisting increases the risk of a herniated disc.

Complications

Symptoms complications. Pain, numbness, or weakness. These symptoms may increase to the point of not allowing the patient to do every day activities. Loss of bladder or bowel control. This may indicate a more serious problem called cauda equina syndrome.

Progressive loss of sensation in the internal areas of the thighs, back or on the sides of the rectum.

If you have one of the previous symptoms, it is suggested to make a doctor’s appointment to check your situation and to avoid future complications.