A back specialist has a deep understanding of the nervous system and the systems that feed and protect them, such as vascular, bone and muscle that enables him to make accurate diagnoses of diseases back and formulate procedures for achieving prompt and effective recovery of the patient.
DIAGNOSIS
Besides the pain in the back there are other symptoms that point out of an existing situation that must be address such as pain or diminishing strenght in the limbs and headache. A precise diagnosis will determine precisely the proper steps to follow.
Lumbar disc herniation
When a lumbar disc herniation occurs, the cushion that sits between the spinal vertebrae is pushed outside its normal position
When these discs are healthy, they act as shock absorbers for the spine and keep the spine flexible. If they become damaged, they may bulge abnormally or break open (rupture), in what is called a herniated or slipped disc.
Herniated discs in the neck (cervical spine) can cause pain, numbness, or weakness in the neck, shoulders, chest, arms, and hands. In some cases a very large herniated disc in the neck may cause weakness or unusual tingling affecting other parts of the body, including the legs.
Narrow lumbar canal
When these discs are healthy, they act as shock absorbers for the spine and keep the spine flexible. If they become damaged, they may bulge abnormally or break open (rupture), in what is called a herniated or slipped disc.
Narrow cervical canal
It is the narrowing of the cervical canal, provoking a strength and alteration of the sensitivity in the arms.
Pathological fractures
These are frequently caused by osteophorosis,and is identified by pain in the area of the fracture.
Spondylolisthesis
Is the slippage of a vertebra provoking pain in the area and alterations of the nervous roots.
Sport injuries
Continuous effort in actions may cause conditions that affect the spine and other body parts.
Spinal cord tumor
Are injures within the spinal medulla wich can cause lower and upper strenght disminution, and sometimes can cause pain.
Spinal tumor
Are injuries which locate on osseous regions of the spine, this deformity can cause a medullar injury.
Traumatic diseases
Derived from an accident, And degenerating can cause mobility issues and pain, depending of the injury type.
Raquimedular traumatisms
Are those which involve osseous and medullar parts, reason why this must be attended as quickly as possible.
Scoliosis
Deformity on the curvature of the spine which origin can be congenital or degenerative.
TREATMENT
Diagnosis is the basis from Which dog Arise Several alternatives Treatment
Conservative non-surgical:
  • Physical medicine
  • Rehabilitation
Minimal invasion treatments:
  • Endoscopy for disc herniation
  • Nucleoplasty
  • Nucleotomy
  • Ligamentoplasty
  • Vertebroplasty
Surgical treatment:
  • Minimally invasive screws reaspediculares
  • Interbody cages
  • Intersomatic Spacers
  • Cervical fixation
  • Cervical disc prosthesis
  • Lumbar disc prosthesis
  • Via anterior cervical plates
  • By posterior cervical fixation
  • Lumbar spine surgery anterior
  • Correction of congenital scoliosis
  • Correction of degenerative scoliosis

 

caso_a.jpg
On surgery
Dr. Victor Hugo Malo and the medical team in a minimal invasion surgery.
 
 
 
 
 
Spinal cord tumor
38 male jeweller, who was diagnosed a spine cord tumor (at the joint of the first cervical vertebrae with the skull,) was unable to walk and move his arms properly. His problem was solved through surgery which lasted 8 hours and consisted on removing the tumor. The patient was able to walk after two days from the surgery and nowadays the patient has a normal work life.
 
 
 
 
caso2.jpg
Osteophorosis
78 year old female, diagnosed osteophorisis of the spinal cord. The symptoms were; back pain and not able to walk. Medical tests were taken and the results shown compressed fractures at different levels of the spine. As a result of this, a minimal invasion procedure through catheters, known as khypoplasty, was performed. Alter the surgery the patient recovers height and the pain disappears, her posture improves as well as her every day life.
 
 
 
caso3.jpg
Herniated disc
37 year old female disabled to do her every day activities was diagnosed, upon examination, hernieted disc between the 5th lumbar and sacral vertebrae (low back). Micro endoscopic surgery was done and through a 15 millimetres incision the hernia was removed and stopped compressing the spinal root. The procedure lasted 20 minutes with local anesthesia and returned home the same day.